Agriculture & Environment Program

Agriculture Support

The Environmental Department’s Water Management project reviewed the implementation of a water management plan for the region of Barqa-Rabiaa based on the availability of water for irrigation, compared to the demand for agriculture production.  The project began in 2011 and ended in 2012, and it was funded by the American Near East Refugee Aid (ANERA).  The first part of the project consisted of research and investigation in the region, which highlighted the importance of water as a limited resource for increasing cultivated land and production. Recurrent meetings with the farmers revealed that the problem was lying in the management of the limited water of the upper water source, rather than the need to increase the amount of water storage.


The second part of the project included a rehabilitation of the irrigation network, and setting up a water management plan for the community.  The project aimed to improve the farmers’ living conditions in rural areas through increasing their fruit tree production capacity and lowering the cost of production by introducing new, cost effective, management practices. It was about improving on the quality and quantity of the final agricultural produce, using the minimum amount of water, and increasing water productivity.  In the context of climate change and the increasing need to preserve water resources, the farmer needs to live within the means of available resource, and increase their production from each unit of water to the maximum extent possible.


The project aimed to:


  • Increase the productivity of the cultivated land through increasing the water use efficiency

  • Increase the cultivated land through bringing new land into production



Project Activities included:

  1. Rehabilitation of the complete irrigation network

  2. Setting up a water management plan

  3. Introduction of new land into production

  4. Introduction of new farm irrigation systems